The goal of street photography is to capture scenes unaffected by the author of the work so as to show a natural story and subject. Story and subject are possibly the most important aspects of a good street shot.
Henri Cartier-Bresson, arguably the best street photographer of all times, had once said:
“Above all, I craved to seize the whole essence, in the confines of one single photograph, of some situation that was in the process of unrolling itself before my eyes.”
1. Use a Small Camera
A smaller camera draws less attention to you from the passing public. The best cameras for street photography combine good image quality, useful features, and compact designs. The Fujifilm X100S lets me make better-looking images faster and with less hassle than with any other digital camera. Jabbar Jamil's X100s
2. Get Close
When I say close, I mean GET CLOSE. Get so close so that when you are taking photos of people on the street that you can see the perspiration dripping from their forehead or the texture of their skin. When you are taking photos really close to people, they often think that you are taking a photo of something behind them. Use wide-angle lens I recommend using either a 24, 28, or 35mm on a full-frame or crop camera.
Street Photographers have a way of looking like they are tourists or that they have no idea how to use their camera. There is a technique which is, capture the photo and keep the camera to your eye as the person moves out of your scene. This will have them thinking that you are just photographing the background and that they got in your way. Similarly, you can aim your camera above or to the side of a person like you are photographing the background and then at the last second point the camera at them, take the photo, and move on.
4. Beyond the Technical
The technical aspects are easy. The concepts that are tougher but vital to success as a street photographer are patience, shooting a lot of frames, and leaving your comfort zone - that's the most difficult for many people, but also what makes street photography so satisfying and rewarding.
5. Shooting from the hip
“shooting from the hip” is holding your camera at waist-level, and shooting upwards without looking through the viewfinder. As a general rule of street photography, if you can get the shot with the camera to your eye, you will get a better shot. However, there are times when it’s not possible to raise the camera to your eye, and so shooting from the hip is a useful method of capturing a decisive moment.