Beginners: Rules of Composition
Your challenge as a photographer is to make an interesting image, which involves introducing a certain dynamic. It’s that vibrant quality - the organic part of your photography - that makes your images come alive, and make photographs fun to look at. Good composition encourages and guides the viewer’s eye to roam around the picture. These are the images that will have more “staying power,” and they will be usually be the more memorable.

You must have a focal point

When you are preparing to take a shot, the first thing you should look for is something in the scene that stands out.
Where’s The focal point? It can be difficult for new photographers to compose shots that include a good, effective focal point. Here are a few questions to consider when taking a photo: • what is the most interesting part of this shot? • where does the eye want to go? • what stands out from everything else? • what is the subject?
While in many cases, you will simply “know” what the primary subject or focal point of your shot is, in ambiguous cases, taking the above questions into account can help to direct your shot.

Keep the Horizon Straight

Creating breathtaking landscapes and ocean scenes is a delightful way to spend some quality time with your camera, and no doubt you will often end up with astonishing results.
There is one incredibly important rule for landscape photography or, in fact, any photography that includes a horizon or line—keep it perfectly straight, always.

Use Leading Lines

Let me explain that leading lines aren’t actual lines in a photograph - they are imaginary lines that your eyes follow around the picture.
These lines could be formed of just about anything - a row of trees, a series of cows that happen to be lined up, or a road, stairways, edges of fields, or the horizon.
Anything that will lead your eye from one part of an image to the other can be said to be a leading line.

Use Natural Frames

Framing a subject involves using natural elements within the composition to surround the subject or focal point, much like a picture frame surrounds a photo. Adding natural frames to a photo helps to strengthen and improve the composition.
Examples of natural frames include arches, buildings, trees, windows, or anything that helps to draw attention to your subject by framing it.
A natural frame doesn’t have to be on all four sides of the subject, either. One or two sides is typically enough to get the advantages of framing without making the composition look forced.

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